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Energy

Cuadrilla Starts UK Fracking

Cuadrilla Starts UK Fracking

Cuadrilla has started hydraulic fracturing operations at its Preston New Road shale gas exploration site, located in the UK, a company spokesperson has confirmed.
Cuadrilla has two horizontal shale gas exploration wells at the site.
Fracking of both wells is expected to last three months, the spokesperson told Rigzone, after which “the flow rate of the gas will be tested.” Commenting on the start of Cuadrilla’s fracking operations at Preston New Road, industry body UK Onshore Oil and Gas said it was “excellent news for the company and the country.” A last minute request for an interim injunction to prevent fracking operations from starting at Preston New Road was dismissed at the High Court in London on October 12.
Last month, Cuadrilla received hydraulic fracturing consent from the UK Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy for its second horizontal shale exploration well at Preston New Road.
Consent was granted for the first horizontal well in July this year.
Cuadrilla currently has eight sites, including Preston New Road, in its Lancashire Bowland shale gas exploration license area, according to its website.
The company states on its website that it believes “at least” 200 trillion cubic feet of natural gas is trapped in the shale rock in its license area.
Formed in the UK in 2007, Cuadrilla is a privately-owned British exploration and production company focused on discovering and recovering natural resources, primarily natural gas, from shale rock.
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Wellness

Meghan Markle Traded Her Heels For These Flats, and We Couldn’t Love Her More

Meghan Markle Traded Her Heels For These Flats, and We Couldn’t Love Her More

← Use Arrows Keys → After a day on duty touring Australia, Meghan Markle made just like the rest of us after a long day at work and traded her heels for a pair of walkable flats.
She stepped out for her first appearance in a fitted white dress by Australian designer Karen Gee and a pair of Stuart Weitzman heels, but we spotted Meghan later ducking out of the event in a trench coat, aviator sunglasses, and black pointed-toe flats.
That move?
It’s just so relatable.
With just a glimpse of her, we could practically hear the sigh of relief — ahhhhh, the satisfaction that comes with kicking off your heels after hours on your feet.
With each and every outing, Meghan’s proved she can navigate the royal dress code and then some.
With this one look, she’s paid tribute to an Australian designer, given a sweet nod to Diana with her jewelry, shown off her growing baby bump for the first time, and stayed cool and comfortable with a perfect shoe swap.
Like Kate, she’s already adept at making deliberate fashion choices that are still entirely approachable.
What can’t she do?

Conservation & Sustainability

Idaho Wildlife Official Resigns Over Uproar About African Hunting Trip

Idaho Wildlife Official Resigns Over Uproar About African Hunting Trip

In a resignation letter to Idaho Gov.
C. L. “Butch” Otter, state Fish and Game Commissioner Blake Fischer cited poor judgment in posting the images.
Otter, who first appointed Fischer to the seven-member commission in 2014, said he asked for and received Fischer’s resignation on Monday.
“I have high expectations and standards for every appointee in state government.
Every member of my administration is expected to exercise good judgment.
Commissioner Fischer did not,” Otter said in a statement.
Fischer did not respond to an emailed request for comment Monday.
Some animals on the verge of being declared endangered (and he knows this).
pic.twitter.com/WwGIWvfAAp — Daniel Schneider (@BiologistDan) October 13, 2018 Among the pictures is one of Fischer smiling while propping up the heads of bloodied baboon carcasses, including that of a baby in its mother’s embrace.
“The photo of him and the baboons, a family, it’s absolutely deplorable and totally contradicts everything that game management is about,” retired Fish and Game Commissioner Gary Power told Reuters on Monday.

Organic Living

How to Choose Eco-Friendly Fabrics

How to Choose Eco-Friendly Fabrics

The fabric is soft, breathable, and biodegradable.
Unfortunately, toxic chemicals are sometimes used in the production process, but the Federal Trade Commission requires such products to be labeled as bamboo-based rayon.
Hemp Hemp is also a highly renewable fiber that has a smaller water footprint than cotton.
Unlike Lyocell, it doesn’t require chemical processing and needs few if any pesticides to cultivate.
Silk Silk is a natural fiber that requires less water than cotton and is biodegradable.
Its production requires far less water than cotton, it’s affordable, and is biodegradable.
Non-Organic Cotton Even if it is treated with pesticides, cotton still has some really positive attributes.
It doesn’t require chemicals to process it and is a natural fiber.
Only purchase wool products if you can confirm that the animals were treated humanely.
Another good bet is clothing made from recycled wool.

Climate Change & Global Warming

Claim: Billionaires Are Causing Climate Change

Claim: Billionaires Are Causing Climate Change

Guest essay by Eric Worrall h/t Dr Willie Soon – according to GQ, Climate Change is the fault of the individuals whose efforts provided us with all with our modern abundance of consumer choice.
This week, the United Nations released a damning report.
That is, not to prevent climate change—we’re well past that point—but to prevent the worst, most catastrophic elements of it from wreaking havoc on the world’s population.
To do that, the governments of Earth need to look seriously at the forces driving it.
And an honest assessment of how we got here lays the blame squarely at the feet of the 1 percent.
Contrary to a lot of guilt-tripping pleas for us all to take the bus more often to save the world, your individual choices are probably doing very little to the world’s climate.
The real impact comes on the industrial level, as more than 70 percent of global emissions come from just 100 companies.
So you, a random American consumer, exert very little pressure here.
… Even when Republican lawmakers show flashes of willingness to get something done, they’re swiftly swatted down.
There are myriad examples, but one example comes via Dark Money, where Mayer describes an incident in April 2010 when Lindsey Graham briefly tried to support a cap-and-trade bill: A political group called American Solutions promptly launched a negative PR campaign against him, and Graham folded after just a few days.

Alternative Energy

Trump Accuses Climate Scientists of Having ‘Political Agenda’

Trump Accuses Climate Scientists of Having ‘Political Agenda’

President Donald Trump once again cast doubt on human contribution to climate change and accused climate scientists of having a “political agenda” during his interview with CBS’ 60 Minutes on Sunday. “Do you still think that climate change is a hoax?”
Something’s changing and it’ll change back again,” he responded.
You don’t know,” Trump said.
He says that the Paris deal could harm the American economy and kill jobs.
Stahl pointed out to the president that his own scientists at NOAA and NASA have reported otherwise, but Trump shot back that other scientists disagree. “But what about the scientists who say it’s worse than ever?”
Although manmade climate change is supported by an overwhelming level of scientific consensus, Trump questioned their political motives.
When host Jake Tapper asked Rubio if he believed that climate change was partly caused by man, Rubio responded, “Look, scientists are saying that humanity and its behavior is contributing toward that.
Although Rubio acknowledged that sea levels are rising and ocean warming is measurable, he resisted taking large-scale climate action.

Climate Change & Global Warming

A Very Quick Introduction to NOAA’s New “Pause-Buster 2” Sea Surface Temperature Dataset ERSST.v5

A Very Quick Introduction to NOAA’s New “Pause-Buster 2” Sea Surface Temperature Dataset ERSST.v5

I will soon be publishing again my Monthly Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly posts at my blog ClimateObservations and at WattsUpWithThat .
Because NOAA NCEI and GISS now use the new NOAA ERSST.v5 data in their global land+ocean surface temperature anomaly products, we’ll take a quick look at this new NOAA ERSST dataset.
A couple of years ago, we examined NOAA’s ERSST.v4 “pause-buster” data in a series of six posts, which are summarized and linked in the two final posts of the series: The Oddities in NOAA’s New “Pause-Buster” Sea Surface Temperature Product – An Overview of Past Posts (WattsUpWithThat cross post is here.)
On the Monumental Differences in Warming Rates between Global Sea Surface Temperature Datasets during the NOAA-Picked Global-Warming Hiatus Period of 2000 to 2014 (WattsUpWithThat cross post is here.)
Figure 1 presents the most recent three versions of NOAA’s ERSST sea surface temperature data in annual absolute (not anomaly) form, globally, excluding the polar oceans (60S-60N), for the period of 1998 to 2014, which was one of the periods used by NOAA in their 2015 Karl et al. paper Possible artifacts of data biases in the recent global surface warming hiatus.
With the ERSST.v4 “pause-buster” data, the climate models used by the IPCC for their 5th Assessment Report (stored in the CMIP5 archive) were showing modeled virtual sea surface temperatures that were warmer than the observations for world ocean surfaces.
See the model-data comparison of global (60S-60N) sea surface temperatures in Figure 2, which runs annually for the past 30 years.
For the comparison, I’ve used the multi-model mean of the TOS (Temperature Ocean Surface) from the CMIP5-archived models, which, again, were used by the IPCC for their 5th Assessment Report.
Earth could shrink if black hole experiments fail, astronomer warns By Lauren Fruen, The Sun October 2, 2018 … Professor Lord… Guest essay by Eric Worrall The Dutch court of appeals has upheld a 2015 ruling which demanded that the government cut CO2 emissions by 25% in five years.
Here is an image from the time of this writing: Zoom… Guest “Just Say No” by David Middleton A $240 PER GALLON GAS TAX TO FIGHT GLOBAL WARMING?

Energy

Cuadrilla to start fracking after fending off last-ditch court challenge

Cuadrilla to start fracking after fending off last-ditch court challenge

“We are delighted to be starting our hydraulic fracturing operations as planned,” Cuadrilla CEO Francis Egan said in a statement. “We are now commencing the final operational phase to evaluate the commercial potential for a new source of indigenous natural gas in Lancashire.”
Cuadrilla’s effort to tap the Bowland shale rock has been beset by controversy.
Its first attempt in 2011 led to earth tremors that put Britain’s entire fracking industry on hold.
Campaigners have also raised concerns about water and land contamination, air pollution, and the broader issue of climate change.
Protesters have been targeting Preston New Road for nearly two years, and late last month four anti-fracking activists were handed jail sentences for halting a truck convoy at the site.
The opposition Labour Party has said it would outlaw fracking in England if it took office (the process is already banned in Scotland).
The Conservative government has been supportive, and on October 11 – the first day of the court hearing – it released two fact sheets on fracking.
One argued that shale gas could help diversify Britain’s energy supply and support energy security; the other said shale gas production was potentially compatible with the country’s targets for reducing carbon emissions.
AJ Lucas owns 47 per cent of Cuadrilla and a 23.75 per cent direct interest in the Bowland licences.

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Conservation & Sustainability

Idaho Wildlife Official Resigns Over Uproar About African Hunting Trip

Idaho Wildlife Official Resigns Over Uproar About African Hunting Trip

In a resignation letter to Idaho Gov.
C. L. “Butch” Otter, state Fish and Game Commissioner Blake Fischer cited poor judgment in posting the images.
Otter, who first appointed Fischer to the seven-member commission in 2014, said he asked for and received Fischer’s resignation on Monday.
“I have high expectations and standards for every appointee in state government.
Every member of my administration is expected to exercise good judgment.
Commissioner Fischer did not,” Otter said in a statement.
Fischer did not respond to an emailed request for comment Monday.
Some animals on the verge of being declared endangered (and he knows this).
pic.twitter.com/WwGIWvfAAp — Daniel Schneider (@BiologistDan) October 13, 2018 Among the pictures is one of Fischer smiling while propping up the heads of bloodied baboon carcasses, including that of a baby in its mother’s embrace.
“The photo of him and the baboons, a family, it’s absolutely deplorable and totally contradicts everything that game management is about,” retired Fish and Game Commissioner Gary Power told Reuters on Monday.

Conservation & Sustainability

Miami meteorologist John Morales is looking for higher ground

Miami meteorologist John Morales is looking for higher ground

For Morales, the storm marked a turning point.
Decades of dutifully explaining the science of anthropogenic climate change on air in Spanish and English suddenly became an invaluable asset.
For years, he had made personalizing global warming a mission, making him one of the first meteorologists — almost certainly the first bilingual one — to take on the issue at a time when weathercasters overwhelmingly rejected the consensus among climate scientists.
What is a climate phenomenon is global warming and climate change — which is real, and certainly not a hoax.” Morales gets recognized.
That is starting to change, as global warming-related stories increased 15-fold after the past five years.
“John is in a center- to center-right state in Florida.
His mother, Inés “Dolly” Morales, feared for her infant son, and while she was heartbroken to leave the man she loved, she decided to take young John to Puerto Rico to raise him among her family.
“I found a way to speak to the meteorologist in charge of the National Weather Service Forecast Office in San Juan, who encouraged me to pursue the career.” After graduating from Cornell University with a degree in atmospheric sciences in 1984, he took a job as the National Weather Service back home in Puerto Rico, working his way up to lead forecaster by age 27.
When Hurricane Hugo, a Category 3 storm, rampaged through the Caribbean and made landfall in Puerto Rico in September 1989, Morales became the National Weather Service’s de facto spokesperson.
More than 8 in 10 Latinos believe global warming is happening, including nearly 9 in 10 Spanish-speaking Latinos, according to data from the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication.

Conservation & Sustainability

Eat more pollock and less squid to save fish stocks, urges charity

Eat more pollock and less squid to save fish stocks, urges charity

Warning of a lack of clear labelling on packaging as well as menus, it also advises shoppers to ask their fishmonger, supermarket fish counter or restaurant whether their choice is sustainable.
Quick guide The MSC’s best and worst rated fish Rated 1: “Best choice” Pollock – Alaska/Walleye Native oysters (sail and oar) European hake (gill or fixed) Herring/sild (MSC-certified) Coley/saithe (MSC-certified) Haddock (from Rockall or MSC-certified) Rated 5: “Avoid” Seabass (caught at sea) Dover Sole (from the Irish sea and pulse trawled) Plaice (from south-west Ireland and caught using pulse trawls) Sturgeon (wild-caught) Squid (common or European squid caught in the English Channel with fishing gear other than jigs) Was this helpful?
Thank you for your feedback.
Using the Good Fish Guide will point people in the right direction and start the sustainability conversation with the fishmonger or restaurant.
If consumers can start asking ‘Is that sustainable?’, seafood suppliers will need to have an answer.” Squid, a popular fixture on many restaurant menus and widely available on seafood counters and in supermarket freezer sections, is described as a “mixed bag” when it comes to consumer choice.
Haddock from the North Sea and west of Scotland has improved from 3 to 2, meaning it can again be considered a “good choice” after fishing pressure has continued to reduce and stocks have increased.
Meanwhile, consumers who fear that a fish burger may be nothing more than the scrapings off the factory floor may be reassured.
Eat herring and mackerel to support UK after Brexit, urges charity Read more Dover sole, often regarded as an upmarket fish, is rated 2 when it comes from the western Channel or Cornwall, or is MSC-certified from the North Sea.
In March the charity said less popular UK species such as dab, hake, herring and mackerel should be Britons’ fish supper of choice in order to support the UK fishing industry and help the seas.
For the first time it suggested a “post-Brexit” UK top 10 including species of fish that are not household names.

Conservation & Sustainability

Civic Environmental Virtue

Civic Environmental Virtue

Just: Will you vote?
Which is to say, environmentalists who vote.
“All the messaging we test is simply focused on one thing: What will increase the likelihood of voting?” EVP founder Nathaniel Stinnett says.
And they’ll push for laws and policies that reflect your beliefs.
“Climate change is not a small issue — it’s an existential crisis,” Stinnett says.
It targeted voters on behalf of the AFL-CIO, and later consulted for other politically progressive organizations, including the 2012 Barack Obama presidential campaign (more on that shortly.)
There are predictable and consistent reasons that people vote, Rogers and other social scientists found: We don’t want to disappoint our peers, family, and friends.
Recent elections suggest the first step of the EVP approach is working.
“If we want to make better decisions or do things in our society’s self-interest, we need to be tricked into doing them,” he says.
Like the voters they target, they have made pledges to themselves.

Conservation & Sustainability

One Year After Harvey, Houston Awaits The Next Flood

One Year After Harvey, Houston Awaits The Next Flood

She lost everything except computers and some important files she’d stored high off the ground.
Then this past July 4th, 8 inches of rain fell on Houston, swamping streets, stranding unlucky motorists, and nixing the city’s Fourth of July party.
Of course, there was Harvey.
So many people, like the majority of the business owners and workers in this Meyerland strip mall, are staying put.
According to one survey along Armand Bayou, southeast of the city, the maps failed to predict 75 percent of flood claims from five recent floods.
“We will still have problems.” Reconciled to a future of floods, business owners in this little strip mall are coming up with their own ways to manage the risk.
“There are people who aren’t back in their homes yet.” When it poured this year on July 4, DeOssio feared the worst, he says: “I started to really think, are we going to have a relapse?” Even if nothing disastrous happens, sales drop off as the rains keep customers at home.
He watches the water levels at the edge of the strip mall, where two roads meet at a low point, as an indicator of how bad it will be in the neighborhood.
As was the case with Darlene Wilkens, Ousley-Nevarez also found her fridge lying sideways in water once Harvey passed.
“We knew were going to flood,” she says of that storm.

Conservation & Sustainability

Nurseries Restore Staghorn Coral in the Florida Keys

Nurseries Restore Staghorn Coral in the Florida Keys

It’s beautiful!” Despite spending a year helping to restore staghorn coral in the Florida Keys, this was the first time my snorkeling partner, Christina, from Coral Restoration Foundation had seen a huge staghorn colony in the wild.
We were snorkeling at Pulaski Shoal, one of the largest known thickets of staghorn remaining in Dry Tortugas National Park.
She was joining me on a week-long expedition focused primarily on transferring staghorn corals grown in The Nature Conservancy’s nursery to the reef.
The effort quickly expanded to include partners all along the reef, from Fort Lauderdale through the Dry Tortugas.
Genetically-distinct colonies are placed at each site to increase the likelihood of cross-fertilization and successful recruitment of larvae within and between restoration sites.
We outplant about 1,000 corals each year to sites within park boundaries.
Given the distance and the day-long transit just to get there, once there, we have to make do with what we’ve brought.
We had an ambitious schedule to outplant to a new site, spend some time cleaning the nursery and preparing it for another year of grow-out, collecting new stock, and setting up a test outplant site where the public has access and can view our work.
As the staghorn restoration program moves forward, the Conservancy and our partners are working diligently to explore other avenues of restoration and answer important questions to increase our effectiveness and efficiency at restoring ecosystems and their functions.
Bonefish Grill has committed $175,000 to help fund the Conservancy’s coral nurseries and coral restoration efforts in Florida and the Caribbean.

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Climate Change & Global Warming

Claim: Billionaires Are Causing Climate Change

Claim: Billionaires Are Causing Climate Change

Guest essay by Eric Worrall h/t Dr Willie Soon – according to GQ, Climate Change is the fault of the individuals whose efforts provided us with all with our modern abundance of consumer choice.
This week, the United Nations released a damning report.
That is, not to prevent climate change—we’re well past that point—but to prevent the worst, most catastrophic elements of it from wreaking havoc on the world’s population.
To do that, the governments of Earth need to look seriously at the forces driving it.
And an honest assessment of how we got here lays the blame squarely at the feet of the 1 percent.
Contrary to a lot of guilt-tripping pleas for us all to take the bus more often to save the world, your individual choices are probably doing very little to the world’s climate.
The real impact comes on the industrial level, as more than 70 percent of global emissions come from just 100 companies.
So you, a random American consumer, exert very little pressure here.
… Even when Republican lawmakers show flashes of willingness to get something done, they’re swiftly swatted down.
There are myriad examples, but one example comes via Dark Money, where Mayer describes an incident in April 2010 when Lindsey Graham briefly tried to support a cap-and-trade bill: A political group called American Solutions promptly launched a negative PR campaign against him, and Graham folded after just a few days.

Climate Change & Global Warming

A Very Quick Introduction to NOAA’s New “Pause-Buster 2” Sea Surface Temperature Dataset ERSST.v5

A Very Quick Introduction to NOAA’s New “Pause-Buster 2” Sea Surface Temperature Dataset ERSST.v5

I will soon be publishing again my Monthly Global Surface (Land+Ocean) and Lower Troposphere Temperature Anomaly posts at my blog ClimateObservations and at WattsUpWithThat .
Because NOAA NCEI and GISS now use the new NOAA ERSST.v5 data in their global land+ocean surface temperature anomaly products, we’ll take a quick look at this new NOAA ERSST dataset.
A couple of years ago, we examined NOAA’s ERSST.v4 “pause-buster” data in a series of six posts, which are summarized and linked in the two final posts of the series: The Oddities in NOAA’s New “Pause-Buster” Sea Surface Temperature Product – An Overview of Past Posts (WattsUpWithThat cross post is here.)
On the Monumental Differences in Warming Rates between Global Sea Surface Temperature Datasets during the NOAA-Picked Global-Warming Hiatus Period of 2000 to 2014 (WattsUpWithThat cross post is here.)
Figure 1 presents the most recent three versions of NOAA’s ERSST sea surface temperature data in annual absolute (not anomaly) form, globally, excluding the polar oceans (60S-60N), for the period of 1998 to 2014, which was one of the periods used by NOAA in their 2015 Karl et al. paper Possible artifacts of data biases in the recent global surface warming hiatus.
With the ERSST.v4 “pause-buster” data, the climate models used by the IPCC for their 5th Assessment Report (stored in the CMIP5 archive) were showing modeled virtual sea surface temperatures that were warmer than the observations for world ocean surfaces.
See the model-data comparison of global (60S-60N) sea surface temperatures in Figure 2, which runs annually for the past 30 years.
For the comparison, I’ve used the multi-model mean of the TOS (Temperature Ocean Surface) from the CMIP5-archived models, which, again, were used by the IPCC for their 5th Assessment Report.
Earth could shrink if black hole experiments fail, astronomer warns By Lauren Fruen, The Sun October 2, 2018 … Professor Lord… Guest essay by Eric Worrall The Dutch court of appeals has upheld a 2015 ruling which demanded that the government cut CO2 emissions by 25% in five years.
Here is an image from the time of this writing: Zoom… Guest “Just Say No” by David Middleton A $240 PER GALLON GAS TAX TO FIGHT GLOBAL WARMING?

Climate Change & Global Warming

Labor says Australia can remain energy ‘superpower’ – but only if climate wars end

Labor says Australia can remain energy ‘superpower’ – but only if climate wars end

The shadow assistant minister for climate change and energy will use an appearance at a renewable energy conference on Thursday to argue that Australia can remain an energy export “superpower” during the transition to low-emissions energy – “it just won’t be fossilised carbon, instead it will be wind and solar power”.
Conroy says in his speech that thermal coal exports will “decline significantly over the next few decades” but Australia will continue to export metallurgical coal, “which makes up 65% of our coal exports by value, for a long time to come, as there is no other way of manufacturing steel at an industrial scale”.
Australia’s emissions data would shame the Coalition, if such a thing were possible | Greg Jericho Read more He says that, with the right policy settings, Australia can replace thermal coal exports with renewable energy exports, and also develop the hydrogen economy.
Some critics of renewables – such as the former prime minister Tony Abbott – contend that a high take-up of low-emissions technology will lead to the de-industrialisation of Australia.
“As the world decarbonises its electricity supply, the nations that can transform into manufacturing powerhouses are those with the cheapest energy, which will be the nations with the best renewable energy resources.” He says the opportunity is twofold.
Conroy says Australia is also well positioned to “be the capital of mining and processing of key inputs for the renewables revolution”.
He says the zones will be central to developing new industries such as hydrogen, direct electricity export and new energy intensive manufacturing facilities.
“In a similar vein, if we source local steel for the wind farms that will be built to meet Labor’s 50% renewable energy commitment, this would need 423,000 tonnes of Australian steel.
Labor is yet to determine its final position on the future of national energy guarantee – the policy developed by the Coalition to promote reliability and emissions reduction in the electricity sector – before being dumped by the new Morrison cabinet.
But while the opposition’s position is not yet final, the Labor leader, Bill Shorten, has sent a number of public signals over the past month that the ALP is likely to keep the Neg mechanism with a higher target for emissions reduction.

Climate Change & Global Warming

Extreme Ultraviolet and its Impact on Our Planets Surface

Extreme Ultraviolet and its Impact on Our Planets Surface

Only about half of the sunlight makes it to the surface, so we’re down to 0.14 W/m2 change from peak to trough, less than a twentieth of a percent.
They’re right … … but they’re also wrong.
To start with, here’s the breakdown of the strength of the solar radiation by wavelength.
Wavelengths shorter than that are ultraviolet (UV).
And way over on the left, at 10 – 24 nm wavelength between the vertical red lines, is the tiny amount of extreme ultraviolet (EUV).
Even though it varies on a percentage basis more than the TSI, the EUV represents such a small part of the sun’s energy that it cannot be even seen at this scale.
The second problem is that the variation in EUV is much, much smaller in absolute terms than the variation in TSI.
As you can see, the variations in the EUV are very small compared to the variations in the visible spectrum.
In fact, the only reason that the percentage variations in EUV are greater than the percentage variations in TSI is that changes in EUV start from almost zero … so even a tiny absolute change in EUV is a large percentage change in EUV.
DATA: I’ve used the solar data recommended here for use in the CMIP6.

Climate Change & Global Warming

Dyson expands facility to boost electric-car tests

Dyson expands facility to boost electric-car tests

Coming despite severe warnings over lost jobs and investment from no-deal Brexit, his technology company is spending about £200m to expand the testing facility on a former second world war airfield at Hullavington, near Malmesbury in the west of England.
Electric cars exceed 1m in Europe as sales soar by more than 40% Read more The investment comes a year after Dyson announced plans to create an electric vehicle to propel his high-tech household goods company to become a rival to Tesla, the carmaker started by the US billionaire Elon Musk.
Dyson’s expansion plans for the research and development site, which is already home to about 400 workers, include planning applications for more than 10 miles of vehicle-testing tracks with high speed sections, hills and off-road routes to put its new electric cars through their paces.
Although only recruiting about 300 more automotive workers at present, planning details show the 45,000-square-metre site will ultimately have space for more than 2,000 people.
Dyson has yet to make a decision on whether it will mass-produce its electric vehicles in Britain once testing is complete.
The company employs more than 12,000 people around the world with about 4,800 in the UK, centred around Malmesbury.
Alongside its vacuum cleaners, hand dryers and car development, the company is working on battery technologies, high-speed electric motors, vision systems, machine learning and artificial intelligence.
Despite difficult trading conditions facing many firms after the Brexit vote amid heightened political uncertainty, Dyson has not changed his view that leaving the EU would be best for the country.
“Brexit can supercharge British technology and refocus minds on global trade if only we grab the opportunity with both hands – the government must embrace it and support British businesses,” he told the Guardian.
Economic growth has slowed since the referendum, while households are more than £900 worse off, according to the governor of the Bank of England.

Climate Change & Global Warming

Germany’s retreat from Paris Climate Accord goals

Germany’s retreat from Paris Climate Accord goals

But Merkel said such calls, most recently from the European Commission’s climate chief Miguel Arias Canete, for swifter cuts to harmful carbon dioxide emissions would be counterproductive, adding that setting new goals made little sense when European countries were already struggling to meet their cuts targets.
Full story h/t to Charles the Mod Guest essay by Eric Worrall Greens have reacted with fury at Trump Secretary of Interior Ryan Zinke‘s suggestion that opposition to sensible forestry management is exacerbating fire risks.
Wildfires seem unstoppable, but they can be prevented.
Ryan Zinke, Opinion contributor Published 6:00 a.m.
ET Aug. 8, 2018 Actively managing our forests benefits the… By Javier A most remarkable climate phenomenon is taking place under our very noses without anybody paying attention to it.
As nearly everybody knows, the planet is warming.
Therefore, periods of… From the “worse than we thought” department comes this new climate model, but at least they acknowledge the pause.
Researchers have developed a mathematical model to predict how average global surface air temperatures will vary over the next few years.
Climate Change Impacts ‘No Longer Subtle,’ Scientist Says … Here & Now’s Jeremy Hobson talks with Michael Mann (@MichaelEMann), distinguished professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center at Penn State… Guest commentary by David Middleton Big Oil’s carbon capture tax credit betrayal BY JOHN NOEL, OPINION CONTRIBUTOR — 07/30/18 09:30 AM EDT THE VIEWS EXPRESSED BY CONTRIBUTORS ARE THEIR OWN AND NOT THE VIEW OF THE HILL Instead of finding ways to responsibly reduce production, the fossil fuel industry has decided carbon capture is the… Guest essay by Eric Worrall Our favourite identity thief Peter Gleick, who stole documents from Heartland while serving as chairman of the AGU ethics committee, has written a deliciously confused piece in which he urges people not to give up, despite the inevitability of serious climate change.
The researchers, from the University of Cambridge and the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology (MRC LMB),… Guest bewilderment by David Middleton Interior Secretary Ken “Boot” Salazar in 2010… Tough-Talking Admin Officials Keep ‘Boot on Neck’ of BP By MIKE SORAGHAN of Greenwire Published: May 3, 2010 BP used to stand for “British Petroleum.” Now the company wants people to think “Beyond Petroleum.” But in the eyes of the Obama administration it’s… How the Southern Ocean may explain Holocene warming The oceans are the planet’s most important depository for atmospheric carbon dioxide on time scales of decades to millenia.

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